Charitable Giving Optionscornerstonews
Many of us find value in contributing our hard-earned cash or assets to support the organizations or causes that inspire us. This article explores your options for charitable giving.
The simplest way to provide a gift is to write a check or gift cash. But, why engage in such a simple transaction when there are far more effective techniques that can provide the donor with compounding benefits, especially when it makes little or no difference to the receiving organization?
When we make a simple gift in cash or by check, we get an income tax deduction for the amount of the gift. Generally, if you itemize your deductions, you may deduct up to 50 percent of your adjusted gross income.
But, in addition to an income tax deduction, an important consideration when you make a gift is the income tax you might be able to avoid by giving something other than cash or a check. To understand this, we must first remind ourselves about the concept of a tax basis. If I buy a share of GE stock at $100 per share and I sell it at $150 years later, I have $50 of long term capital gain. My tax basis was $100. The sales price (and fair market value) was $150. My realized gain is $50. If I instead give that appreciated asset to a charity, I: (1) don’t have to realize the gain of $50; and (2) get a deduction for the full value of the donated asset ($150). By giving appreciated assets to a charity, the donor can compound the effect of the gift.
A gift to a Donor Advised Fund (DAF) has become more popular this year after the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. Importantly, that act doubled the standard deduction for a married couple filing jointly to $24,000. This can make charitable giving less appealing from an income tax point of view. The DAF can assist because a person can lump together gifts. For example, assume you gift $10,000 to Charity A. You could lump three-years’ worth of giving together and gift $30,000 to a DAF. Then you direct the DAF to give the same $10,000 a year to the charity of your choice. This way, an individual can make the donation above the standard deduction (for greater income tax deduction) in at least one of the three years.
A donor can also give assets or cash to a charity in their Last Will and Testament. Though the donor will not receive an income tax deduction, the donor (or his or her estate) will receive an estate tax deduction for the value of the gift. This kind of gift provides money or assets to the charity when the donor clearly no longer has a need for the asset or the income from the asset.
Wouldn’t it be great if you could somehow get an income tax deduction and reduce the taxable estate for estate tax purposes while at the same time keeping some interest in the asset or the income on which you rely? Enter the Charitable Remainder Trust (CRT).
The CRT provides several powerful benefits: (1) potential income tax deduction (which is not achieved through the use of a gift in a Will); (2) an estate tax reduction (the amount gifted in not included in the estate for estate tax purposes); and (3) an income stream to the donor.
How does it work? The CRT contemplates the donor providing cash or appreciated assets to a trust established by the donor. Keep in mind this trust is an irrevocable trust and different from the Revocable Living Trust discussed in the January issue of this publication. The fact that the CRT is an irrevocable trust simply means that once it is set up, it cannot be changed. In the trust, the donor picks a charity (or several charities) and decides a term for the CRT (a term of years or the lifetime of the donor or the donor and his or her spouse), and the rate of return.
Content in this material is for general information only and is not intended to be a substitute for specific individualized tax or legal advice. We suggest that you discuss your specific situation with a qualified tax or legal advisor.
Securities offered through LPL Financial, Member FINRA/SIPC. Investment Advice offered through Cornerstone Wealth Strategies, Inc., a registered investment advisor and separate entity from LPL Financial.